FBC; CBC (complete blood count); FBE (full blood examination); FBP (full blood picture); CBE; CBP
The Full Blood Count (FBC) is a group of tests performed on a single blood sample that tell us about the different kinds of cells in the blood.
The FBC is routinely ordered by doctors because it gives a useful overall picture of someone’s health. It is also used to help diagnose a range of specific health problems and to monitor treatments when they are known to affect blood cells.
Your doctor may decide to check on your FBC from time to time because changes in the number of the different cells can be caused by many important conditions.
A blood sample drawn from a vein in your arm
The FBC counts the number, types, shapes and sizes of the various cells in the blood, including:
If some of your results are abnormal, the lab may go on to perform further testing in which a scientist or pathologist examines your blood under a microscope to look closely at the appearance of the blood cells, such as size, shape and colour to look for any abnormalities.
Your results will be presented as a series of numbers or measurements. Each blood component gives different information. Taken together, along with your symptoms and history, the results give your doctor important information. Some of your results may be higher or lower than normal when there is no problem. So, it’s important to talk with your doctor about what the results mean for your particular situation. For more details about results see our video.