What type of diet is best for optimal triglyceride levels?
Since triglycerides are circulating forms of fat, you might think that a high fat diet will raise triglycerides and a low fat diet would lower triglycerides. However, is also a very important dietary predictor of triglycerides. Diets high in carbohydrates, especially sugar, lead to increases in triglycerides. Australian guidelines recommend treatment target of <2.0 mmol/L for triglycerides.
What drug treatments are recommended for uncontrolled triglyceride levels?
For many people, uncontrolled triglycerides are caused by disorders such as diabetes
, obesity, kidney failure, or alcoholism
. Therefore the treatment strategy is to treat the primary cause. When high triglycerides are not caused by another disorder, they are often seen together with high cholesterol
. Treatment is directed toward lowering both cholesterol and triglycerides. If diet fails, drug treatment is generally recommended. If triglyceride levels remain elevated, treatment with one of the following may be considered; fenofibrate, nicotinic acid or fish oil.
Can exercise help with triglyceride levels?
Yes. Exercise is especially helpful in lowering triglycerides and raising HDL
(which tends to decrease when triglycerides increase). Even in the absence of weight loss, exercise will help you lower both LDL cholesterol
and triglycerides, while raising HDL cholesterol.
Can I monitor triglyceride levels at home?
There are currently no products available to monitor triglycerides at home.