Additional articles used in this review

Bakker, J., Jansen, T.C. Don’t take vitals, take a lactate. Intensive Care Med. 2007, 33(11):1863–1865. Available online at Accessed April, 2011

Brouns R. Sheorajpanday R. Wauters A. De Surgeloose D. Marien P. De Deyn PP. Evaluation of lactate as a marker of metabolic stress and cause of secondary damage in acute ischemic stroke or TIA. Clinica Chimica Acta. 2008, 397(1-2):27-31

Chow, S.L., Rooney, Z.J., Cleary, M.A., Clayton, P.T., Leonard, J.V. The significance of elevated CSF lactate. Arch Dis Child 2005, 90(11):1188–1189

Howell, H.D., Donnino, M., Clardy, P., Talmor, D., Shapiro, N.S. Occult hypoperfusion and mortality in patients with suspected infection. Intensive Care Med. 2007, 33:1892–1899

Ivers, L.C., Mukherjee, J.S. Point of care testing for antiretroviral therapy related lactic acidosis in resource-poor settings. AIDS. 2006, 20(5):779-780. Available online at Accessed April, 2011

Loiacono, L.A., Shapiro,D.S. Detection of Hypoxia at the Cellular Level. Crit Care Clin 2010, 26(2):409–421

References from Lab Tests Online-US

Primary sources of information for Lactate

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