How is it used?
When is it requested?
An AST test is requested with several other tests to help evaluate a patient who has of a liver disorder. Some of these symptoms include (yellowing of the eyes and skin), dark urine, nausea, vomiting, abdominal swelling, unusual weight gain and abdominal pain. AST can also be ordered, either by itself or with other tests, for:
- persons who might have been exposed to hepatitis viruses
- those who drink too much alcohol
- persons who have a history of liver disease in their family, or
- persons taking drugs that can occasionally damage the liver.
Persons who have mild symptoms, such as tiredness, may be tested for AST to make sure they do not have long-term (chronic) liver disease. AST is sometimes measured to monitor treatment of persons with liver disease and is usually ordered along with other tests.
What does the test result mean?
Very high levels of AST (more than 10 times the highest normal level) are usually due to a rapidly developing liver disease called acute hepatitis, which is often due to a infection. In acute hepatitis, AST levels usually stay elevated for about 1–2 months, but can take as long as 3–6 months to return to normal. In the slowly developing variety of liver disease, chronic hepatitis, AST levels are usually not as high, often less than 4 times the highest normal level. In chronic hepatitis, AST often varies between normal and slightly increased, so doctors might request the test regularly to determine the pattern of change.
In some diseases of the liver, especially when the ducts are totally or partially blocked or with , AST may be close to normal. When liver damage is due to alcohol, AST often increases much more than ALT (this is a pattern seen with few other liver diseases). AST can be increased from break-up of red blood cells (haemolysis), and is increased after heart attacks and with muscle injury.
Male 5 – 35 U/L
Female 5 – 30 U/L
The reference intervals shown above are known as a harmonised reference interval. This means that eventually all laboratories in Australia will eventually use this same interval so wherever your sample is tested, the reference interval should be the one shown above. Laboratories are in the process of adopting these harmonised intervals so it is possible that the intervals shown on the report of your results for this test may be slightly different until this change is fully adopted. More information can be found under Reference Intervals – An Overview.
Is there anything else I should know?
An injection of medicine into muscle tissue, or even strenuous exercise, may increase AST levels. In rare instances, some drugs can damage the liver or muscle, increasing AST levels. This is true of both prescription drugs and some 'natural' health products. If your doctor finds that you have high levels of AST, tell him or her about all the drugs and health products you are taking.