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Australia has one of the highest rates of bowel cancer in the world. Around 1 in 23 Australians will develop bowel cancer during their lifetime. The National Bowel Cancer Screening Program (NBCSP) invites eligible people starting at age 50 and continuing to age 74 (without symptoms) to screen for bowel cancer using a free, simple test at home.

Screening is using faecal occult blood (FOB) testing at home with samples being mailed back.

NHMRC guidelines indicate that for persons of average risk, FOB testing is recommended at least every two years for all people over the age of 50. If eligible, participation in the National Bowel Cancer Screening Program is recommended.