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The treatment of Wilson disease involves taking a copper-binding drug such as penicillamine or trientine. These bind excess copper present in the body causing it to be excreted in the urine. Patients should also adhere to a low copper diet.

Alternative treatments include the use of zinc salts and molybdate. Drug treatment needs to continue lifelong. Some patients with very severe liver disease may need a liver transplant.

Last Review Date: February 01, 2018