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Treatment of the initial infection with antibiotics may be necessary particularly with sexually transmitted infections. Painkillers such as ibuprofen and paracetamol are widely used.

Inflamed joints can be injected with steroids or occasionally the fluid can be drained. If the disease is severe and lasts more than a couple of months, doctors may consider using immunosuppressant drugs.

Often rest is required initially to control the pain and physiotherapy used to maintain a full range of movement.

Last Review Date: January 13, 2020