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Treatment of undernutrition includes:
- Replenishing the nutrients that are missing, making nutrient-rich foods available and providing supplements for specific deficiencies. In someone who is severely malnourished, this must be done slowly until the body has had time to adjust to the increased intake. It must then be maintained at a higher-than-normal level until a normal or near-normal weight has been achieved.
- Regular monitoring of patients with chronic malabsorption disorders or protein- or nutrient-losing conditions. Once the deficiencies have been addressed, a treatment plan will need to be put in place to prevent the malnutrition from recurring.
- Addressing any social, psychological, educational and financial issues that may be causing or exacerbating the malnutrition, such as access to nutritious food.
Last Review Date: September 5, 2017