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Treatment of insulin resistance primarily involves changes in diet and lifestyle. The Diabetes Australia organisation recommends losing excess weight, getting regular amounts of moderate-intensity physical activity, and increasing dietary fibre to lower the risk of type 2 diabetes. Weight loss and exercise can:
- Decrease blood pressure levels
- Increase insulin sensitivity
- Decrease triglyceride and LDL levels
- Raise HDL levels (with regular exercise)
Patients who are identified by their doctors as having insulin resistance should work with their doctor and with other medical professionals, such as an accredited practising dietitian, to develop an individualised treatment plan and to monitor its effectiveness. Drug treatments may also be necessary to control any existing, underlying, associated conditions and diseases.
Last Review Date: October 25, 2018