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The goals with asthma treatment are to:
- Achieve and maintain good asthma control:
- Minimise daytime symptoms (less than 3 days per week)
- Minimise need for reliever medications (less than 3 days per week)
- No nightime and symptoms on awakening
- Maintain normal activities of daily living (school, sport & work) without limitation
- Manage asthma flare-ups when they occur and reduce emergency department visits and hospitalisations
- Optimise lung function
- Identify, treat and resolve, where possible, conditions or lifestyle factors (e.g. smoking) that make asthma worse and, complications associated with asthma or medication side effects
- Educate patients and family about the condition and its treatment, enabling self-management
Prevention of asthma attacks is achieved through a combination of avoiding substances that trigger episodes, having good asthma control, and recognising and addressing the early signs of an impending attack. For more on this, visit National Asthma Council Australia.
Asthma treatment is tailored to the individual and depends upon the severity. Both long-term and short-term controls must be addressed. Even people with mild intermittent asthma may occasionally have severe asthma attacks.
People should work with their doctor to learn about their own or their child's asthma. Doctors can help patients keep a close eye on their asthma and ensure they get the best medicine to treat their asthma over time. They should develop a treatment plan that guides their day-to-day asthma control, guides their actions when an asthma attack occurs, and helps them determine when they should seek medical attention. Doctors will take into account the entire clinical picture and all of the drugs that they are taking when determining the best course of treatment.
Last Review Date: March 6, 2017