Lab Tests Online - Explaining Pathology

Glossary

Ketoacidosis


Acidosis with an accumulation of fat breakdown products called ketone bodies, occurring primarily as a complication of uncontrolled diabetes mellitus.

It is characterised by a fruity breath odour, nausea and vomiting, shortness of breath, mental confusion, and, if untreated, coma (diabetic coma). Treatment includes administration of insulin and fluids and the correction of electrolyte imbalance.