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Screening infants is important for the early detection, diagnosis, and treatment of certain conditions that may not have been discovered immediately at birth. Screening is performed by physical examination, usually prior to 18 months of age, to check for normal growth and development.
Immunisation against a variety of diseases is also offered to infants These include diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis (whooping cough) – (DTP), Haemophilus influenzae type b (HiB), measles, mumps, rubella (German measles) – (MMR), polio and Group C meningococcus. Hepatitis B vaccine is generally offered to all babies at birth followed by a further 3 doses usually in combination with other vaccines.
For those infants with known risk factors, testing for a variety of other conditions may be appropriate, including iron deficiency, lead poisoning, HIV, and hepatitis.
Healthdirect Australia: Kids' Health
Immunise Australia Program